Ofsted has ‘moved too far’ from outcomes data, says former chief

Wilshaw also says inspections don't look 'enough' at teaching quality, and warns single-phrase judgments give parents 'false comfort'

Wilshaw also says inspections don't look 'enough' at teaching quality, and warns single-phrase judgments give parents 'false comfort'

Ofsted has “moved too far away” from using data in inspections and doesn’t look in enough detail at teaching quality, a former Ofsted boss has said.

Sir Michael Wilshaw also told MPs this morning that single-phrase judgments offer parents “false comfort”.

The former headteacher, who served as Ofsted chief between 2012 and 2016 before Amanda Spielman, was giving evidence to the education select committee as part of its inquiry into the watchdog’s work.

Here’s what you need to know…

1. Ofsted has ‘moved too far away’ from data

The watchdog’s new 2019 framework marked an “evolutionary shift” in favour of looking more closely at what schools taught, rather than just exam results.

But Wilshaw warned today Ofsted had “moved too far away” from data, and judgments “are much more subjective on the curriculum”.

He described a “ridiculous position” of schools with low progress schools and “terrible outcomes” getting ‘good’ judgments, adding: “It really annoys successful headteachers when they see that happening.”

His comments echo those of incoming chief inspector Sir Martyn Oliver, who told MPs earlier this year he had concerns over “consistency”.

Oliver said it was “difficult to explain how you get [schools with] some of the worst outcomes in the country getting a ‘good’ inspection”.

Schools Week previously exposed the broken link between performance and Ofsted grades. 

However, results will once again be the “starting point on inspection” after grades returned to pre-pandemic standards. 

2. Inspectors ‘not looking at teaching quality enough

Wilshaw said having been around “lots of schools” since retiring from Ofsted, his worry was that “inspectors are not looking as much as they should on the quality of teaching in the classroom”. 

“Yes they are focusing on the curriculum and the schemes of work and so on but they are not spending as much time in lessons as they should.”

He said the curriculum was “just one aspect and too great an emphasis of one aspect of school improvement I think is a mistake”.

“Ofsted are not looking enough at the quality of teaching.”

3. Scrap ‘false comfort’ single-phrase judgments

Wilshaw told MPs the days of single-phrase judgments “are coming to an end” as they are “not giving parents an accurate picture of what’s happening in a school”. 

Such judgments are “providing parents with false comfort of what’s happening in a school”, he claimed.

Robin Walker
Robin Walker

“Ofsted says nearly 90 per cent of schools are [at least] ‘good’ – that’s nonsense having seen some of the schools judged ‘good’ over the last few years, I would not say are good.”

He also said ‘good’ judgments allowed headteachers to “relax and not address the weaknesses that there are in that school”.

“So I think that one word judgment needs to go. It doesn’t reflect what is happening nationally.” 

But committee chair, Robin Walker, a former schools minister, warned of a “risk” of a “one-word judgement by default” if intervention by the Department for Education prompted by inspection outcomes remained the same. 

4. Consider need for ‘routine’ inspections

The amount of time Ofsted inspectors spend in schools has decreased in recent years, as the inspectorate’s budget has been cut.

Wilshaw said at “some stage” governments would have to look at whether every school needed to be inspected in a “routine way”. 

“If we are going to go for high-quality inspection with high-quality inspectors who are paid well and represent both primary and secondary schools, I suspect we will not be able to afford that within the existing Ofsted budget unless we move away from routine inspection of every school.” 

He said most ‘good’ schools, on a second inspection, “get a good judgment anyway”. 

“There’s so much data out there, we could identify those schools that really need focus. Why not focus on those schools and those parts of the country that need more support.”

He added that local authorities “should be empowered to call in Ofsted to look at particular schools that are not doing well in their area”. 

5. Slim down ‘far too big’ Ofsted

Wilshaw said Ofsted’s remit was “far too big”. As well as schools, other inspectorate remits include further education, children’s social care and teacher training.

He said at “some stage it needs to be slimmed down,” adding: “If you don’t worry about them, one of them will go wrong and will come back to bite you.”

Wilshaw recalled a conversation he had with Sir Chris Woodhead, former chief inspector between 1994 to 2000.

He “said to me congratulations, you’re going to Ofsted but for goodness sake slim it down, make it focus on schools and standards in schools because if you get that right, society becomes better”.

6. ‘Mandatory’ parent meetings 

Wilshaw urged the committee to consider recommending that Ofsted hold feedback meetings with parents, not just senior school staff, before a report is published. 

He said parents would “come along if they know this is an important occasion and a judgment is being made on a school, not a one-word judgement, a judgment on all sorts of different criteria – they will come along, I’m absolutely sure of that”.

“A meeting before the report is actually published. I would make that mandatory on all schools that there is a parents meeting at which the senior inspector or HMI would then go over what the inspection found.” 

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  1. Harvey Y

    Yay! Another 40,000 teachers leave the profession at the thought of all more learning walks and deep dives to judge teaching quality.

    How about focusing on the root cause…the damn lazy children who do nothing in lessons and argue about writing even the 5 words in the title, instead?

  2. OFSTED has been running for many decades but it’s not the right tool to deliver better quality education. Schools have been turned into exam factories. OFSTED has reinforced this. Result, very large numbers of students voting with their feet.
    A collaborative, reflective on going training system is needed: in education speak, formative assessment and integrated training, lead by, and perhaps, run by Local Education Authorities!! Restoring the local Teachers Centres would be a good place to start.

  3. Mark Mackley

    Sadly this smacks of a ‘one size fits all’ approach to inspection. Having taught in and led a variety of different schools over my 30 year career I would not dream of trying to compare one to another.
    Some of the schools with the worst outcomes have had some of the best teachers I have ever worked with. Given the incredibly low start points of some children, compounded by living in communities with incredibly low levels of adult literacy/ numeracy as well as not having English as the first language makes getting the children to the required national level an incredibly difficult and challenging task. Having worked in schools where the baseline is much higher, achieving the national expectations is much easier to achieve. Does Ofsted look at the amount of private tutoring which the more affluent parents pay for which indirectly boosts some schools’ results? Very poor communities simply cannot afford to pay for such things and so the inequality continues.

    Ofsted has the potential for so much good and yet over its lifetime what has it actually achieved? I have seen so many different variations with a different focus each time the framework changes and schools are expected to adapt to meet that. Mr Wilshaw refers to a level of subjectivity as a criticism, inspection by its very nature is subjective as each inspector inevitably brings their own opinions and nuances to the process. Data outcomes are only a small part of a much bigger story. Ofsted needs to release its inspectors to have the same level of independence which they had when Ofsted first began, those reports were very details but at least you got a picture of the school which had a chance of reflecting what it is like.

    There is a much bigger debate than space here allows . . . .