News, Politics

Budget 2020: What do schools need to know?

The chancellor Rishi Sunak has delivered his budget address in Parliament.

Here are the announcements relevant to schools.


1. Freelance workers affected by coronavirus can claim benefits more easily

Supply teachers and other freelancers in the education sector will be able to access benefits more easily if they cannot work due to coronavirus.

Sunak, who dedicated the first 20 minutes of his speech to the issue, warned that up to a fifth of the working age population could need to be off work “at any one time”.

To help freelance workers, who do not qualify for statutory sick pay, they will be able to access benefits from day one of their absence, and will be able to sign up online rather than by going to a job centre.

The government will also temporarily remove the minimum salary requirement under universal credit.


2. No big new announcements…

The chancellor rattled off a list of spending pledges during his speech, including funding for specialist 16-19 maths schools in every region, £25,000 on average for each secondary school to invest in arts activities and £29 million a year to improve PE teaching.

However, none of these are new.

Gavin Williamson, the education secretary, made the maths schools pledge last year, and the funding for arts and PE were in the Conservatives’ manifesto.

Sunak was joined on the steps of 11 Downing Street by Lord Agnew the former academies minister and now a Treasury minister

The budget documents do give updated funding figures for the initiatives though, which take into account the exact funding available for England, whereas the pledges in the manifesto included funding that would go to the devolved nations under the so-called Barnett formula (which is why, for instance, the money for arts premium appears less than what was previously announced).

The documents state that the PE investment will amount to £29 million for England by 2023-24, and the arts premium will be £90 million a year from September 2021.

The government has also reaffirmed its commitment to give schools a slice of a large capital funding pot, as confirmed to Schools Week by Gavin Williamson last year. However, the documents do not say how much schools will receive.


3. …but some further detail on maths schools

According to the budget documents, the government will provide “an additional £7 million to support a total of 11 maths schools in England, covering every region”.

This is on top of £18 million funding for maths schools announced in 2017.

It is not known how much of the £18 million has been spent so far, but it’s unlikely to be much, given there are only a handful of maths schools in operation, and they only receive £350,000 a year from the pot.

In 2018, a Schools Week investigation revealed how the government was struggling to recruit universities to set up maths schools, with several leading institutions declining the invitation.

However, ministers have had more success recently, announcing last year that two more maths schools had been approved, taking the total number of approved schools to six.


4. The ‘reading tax’ is being abolished

Sunak told MPs he will axe VAT currently charged on digital publications.

Currently, VAT is charged on things like digital fiction and textbooks, and education resources, so this move may well prove helpful to schools.

Budget documents state that the government “will introduce legislation to apply a zero rate of VAT to e-publications from 1 December 2020, which will make it clear that e-books, e-newspapers, e-magazines and academic e-journals are entitled to the same VAT treatment as their physical counterparts”.

“The government expects the publishing industry, including e-booksellers, to pass on the benefit of this relief to consumers. It should benefit all who read digitally, including children from poorer backgrounds: nearly 1 in 4 pupils on free school meals read fiction digitally, compared to 1 in 6 of their peers who are not eligible for free school meals.”

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  1. Wendy Roberts

    Where is any extra funding for junior schools and for children and young people with special needs? These areas have been significantly depleted in recent years. Children and young people with special needs are especially vulnerable and appeared to have been forgotten in all this purported largesse from the chancellor. It is bitterly disappointing.

  2. Gary Booth

    There is no additional funding for the sixth form colleges in England. Teachers in colleges in Wales and Scotland have been allocated additional funds to bring parity of pay for teachers of post 16 education but this is not the case in England. Sixth form college staff are highly qualified and with considerable experience of teaching A level, BTEC, Cambridge Technical and IB courses and yet our pay is now some 4.5% less than the same equivalent teachers in Colleges. Furthermore, sixth form colleges cannot claim back VAT that schools can so our average funding per pupil is also noticeably less. Sixth form colleges provide excellent opportunities for young people to progress to higher education, apprenticeships and employment but we are totally forgotten by this Government. At least 10% of sixth form colleges have closed in the last 15 years and those remaining are put under pressure to merge or become part of a MAT. How teachers will be recruited to help allow young people to progress to their new educational and employment opportunities of the 21st Century is increasingly uncertain, or for that matter have sufficient investment to teach the new T Levels from this September? Together with us leaving the European Community, opportunities may well be poorer and less fulfilling for our young cohort in the future from those that have gone before. Why are we continuously forgotten despite campaigns, lobbying and action through our respective unions to raise awareness of how unfair this disparity is and the contempt that sixth form colleges are under our present Government in England but yet not in Wales or Scotland. Is this yet another example of this disunited kingdom!

  3. Chris Burgess

    School staff are feeling demoralised due to lack of funding. A considerable amount of schools are having to restructure with staff being made redundant. Senco staff are exhausted filling forms in and not receiving funding because authorities have no money. Children with Special Educational Needs are not receiving the support they deserve. It is shocking… I have worked in a school for 18 years and I feel really sad.