More school sixth form closures as funding reality bites

Warnings over the viability of school sixth forms as post-16 funding cuts begin to bite are becoming a reality as a second school in two weeks says it has no choice but to close its senior classes.

Ormiston Ilkeston Enterprise Academy in Derbyshire last week told parents that it will shut its sixth form next year after government funding changes meant it “simply cannot afford to stay open”.

Last week we reported that Hayfield School in Doncaster was to close its sixth form in 2017 because of the “significant impact” of funding cuts.

Unions have repeatedly flagged their concerns. Two years ago the Association of School and College Leaders (ASCL) predicted that sixth forms with fewer than 200 pupils were in danger of becoming unviable.

Malcolm Trobe, ASCL deputy general secretary, told Schools Week: “This is very much the chickens coming home to roost.

“The first to suffer are the relatively smaller sixth forms. But at some stage a school has to make a decision about whether it can offer an appropriate curriculum breadth for its youngsters.”

Hayfield School has about 200 sixth-formers while, according to a recent Ofsted report, the Ormiston school has 94.

Current year 12 pupils at Ormiston now face a scramble to find new provision elsewhere to finish their studies.

But after a meeting last week with Ormiston chiefs attended by the Conservative MP for Erewash, Maggie Throup, the school announced it would support any students who failed to find a new sixth form.

Students studying courses unavailable elsewhere would stay on, while others who failed to find new provision would be assessed on a case-by-case basis.

Carlton Midgley, chair of governors, said: “This move will enable us to increase the quality of our students’ experiences across the academy. We are proud of our sixth-form achievements to date, but unfortunately we do not have the funding to continue this provision.”

Principal Dave Smith added that many schools were facing similar decisions.

Heads have warned that the government’s new funding formula – which puts school sixth forms on a level footing with further education colleges – means losses of more than £100,000 a year.

St Andrew’s Church of England High School, in Croydon, south London, announced in August it was to close its sixth form, primarily because of poor results.

But Croydon Council said finances were also a factor.

James Kewin (pictured), deputy chief executive of the Sixth Form Colleges’ Association, said the future viability of school sixth forms hinged on the spending review this autumn.

“If per-head funding is cut, then headteachers will be able to see what they have to work with – it will really focus the minds on whether they want to continue with their sixth forms.”

A Department for Education spokesperson said the department had protected the schools budget and ended unfair differences in post-16 provision by allocating funding per student, rather than qualification.

“We have provided sufficient funds for every full-time student to do a full timetable of courses regardless of institution – and increased support for those who successfully study four or more A-levels and large TechBacc programmes.”


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  1. The EFA funding data published yesterday shows that despite the crisis many sixth forms are failing to generate reasonable levels of funding through the formula

    If you strip out disadvantage funding and calculate the rate per learner this should be a minimum £3,850 per learner where no area uplift is added

    If we look at sixth forms with over 100 learners the four worst performers nationally are as

    The Aylesbury Vale Academy 105 learner £3,107
    Portslade Aldridge Community Academy 129 learners £3,128
    Folkestone Academy 320 learners £3,327
    All Sainta Academy Cheltenham 235 learners £3,377

    Nationally over 270 sixth forms generated under £3,850 per learner based on efa data

    In my view many sixth forms do not appreciate the workings of the funding formula and do not fully understand how to obtain the earnings from the formula that the work they already do should deliver

  2. Heads have warned that the government’s new funding formula – which puts school sixth forms on a level footing with further education colleges – means losses of more than £100,000 a year.

    I think the above statement is not quite the reality, it is not the level footing that is the problem, it is the combined impact of the move to a new funding formula, alongside changes made in 2010 which levelled the funding rate and reduced the entitlement funding.

    The issues for sixth forms to consider are

    The allocations for this year include formula funding protection, but next year they will not.

    Will the new high volume uplift being introduced next year offset formula protection

    Are sixth forms getting the best funding they can from the formula ( the answer to this for many sixth forms is no)

    sixth forms need to develop funding action plans to ensure they obtain optimum funding (and get properly paid for what they deliver)

    The two sixth forms identified in the article above as closing both have relatively strong funding levels per learner after disadvantage