Schools minister Nick Gibb will take on policy for early years education under an expanded ministerial portfolio.
Gibb will take charge of policy on early education and childcare including funding, support for the early years workforce, curriculum, quality and the early education entitlements.
He will also take on responsibility for PE and school sport and the pupil premium.
The shake-up comes after Michelle Donelan took over as temporary children’s minister while Kemi Badenoch is on maternity leave.
Academies minister Lord Agnew will also take on responsibility for the further education provider market, including quality and improvement.
He will also lead on EU exit preparation, delivery of the careers strategy, the opportunity areas programme, school food and safeguarding in schools, in addition to his existing brief.
Chris Skidmore has returned as universities minister.